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大学英语四级模拟试题(1)

2020-07-22 203 实用英语

大学英语四级模拟试题

ModelTest1

PartOneListeningComprehension

SectionA

Directions:Inthissection,youwillhear10shortconversations.Attheendofeachconversation,aquestionwillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaid-Boththeconversationandthequestionwillbespokenonlyonce.Aftereachquestiontherewillbepause.Duringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD),anddecidewhichisthebestanswer.ThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithalinethroughthecentre.

Example:Youwillhear:

Youwillread:

A)Attheoffice.

B)Inthewaitingroom.

C)Attheairport.

D)Inarestaurant.

Fromtheconversationweknowthatthetwoweretalkingaboutsomeworktheyhadtofinishintheevening.Thisismostlikelytohavetakenplaceattheoffice.Therefore,A)Attheofficeisthebestanswer.Youshouldchoose[A]ontheAnswerSheetandmarkitwithasinglelinethroughthecentre.

1.A)Sheisnotinterestedinthearticle.

B)Shehasgiventhemanmuchtrouble.

C)Shewouldliketohaveacopyofthearticle.

D)Shedoesn'twanttotakethetroubletoreadthearticle.

2.A)HesawthebigtowerhevisitedonTV~

B)HehasvisitedtheTVtowertwice.

C)HehasvisitedtheTVtoweronce.

D)HewillvisittheTVtowerinJune.

3.A)Thewomanhastroublegettingalongwiththeprofessor.

B)Thewomanregretshavingtakenupmuchoftheprofessor'stime.

C)Thewomanknowstheprofessorhasbeenbusy.

D)Thewomanknowstheprofessorhasrunintotrouble.

4.A)Hedoesn'tenjoybusinesstripsasmuchasheusedto.

B)Hedoesn'tthinkheiscapableofdoingthejob.

C)Hethinksthepayistoolowtosupporthisfamily,

D)Hewantstospendmoretimewithhisfamily.

5.A)Themanthoughttheessaywaseasy.

B)Theybothhadahardtimewritingtheessay.

C)Thewomanthoughttheessaywaseasy.

D)Neitherofthemhasfinishedtheassignmentyet.

6.A)Inthepark.B)Betweentwobuildings

C)Inhisapartment.D)Underahugetree.

7.A)It'sawfullydull.B)It'sreallyexciting.

C)it'sveryexhausting.D)It'squitechallenging.

8.A)movie.B)Alecture.C)Aplay.D)Aspeech.

9.A)Theweatherismildcomparedtothepastyears.

B)Theyarehavingthecoldestwinterever.

C)Theweatherwillsoongetwarmer.

D)Theweathermaygetevencolder.

10.A)Themysterystory.

B)Thehiringofashopassistant.

C)Thesearchforareliablewitness.

D)Anunsolvedcaseofrobbery.

SectionB

PassageOne

Questions11to14arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard.

11.A)TheywanttochangethewayEnglishistaught.

B)TheylearnEnglishtofindwell-paidjobs.

C)Theywanttohaveanup-to-dateknowledgeofEnglish.

D)Theyknowclearlywhattheywanttolearn.

12.A)Professionals.B)Collegestudents.

C)BeginnersD)Intermediateearners.

13.A)Coursesfordoctors.B)Coursesforbusinessmen.

C)Coursesforreporters.D)Coursesforlawyers.

14.A)Threegroupsoflearners.B)TheimportanceofbusinessEnglish.

C)EnglishforSpecificPurposes.D)FeaturesofEnglishfordifferentpapacies.

PassageTwo

Questions15to17arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard.

15.A)Toshowofftheirwealth.

B)Tofeelgood.

C)Toregaintheirmemory.

D)Tobedifferentfromothers.

16.A)Tohelpsolvetheirpsychologicalproblems.

B)Toplaygameswiththem.

C)Tosendshamtothehospital.

D)Tomakethemawareofitsharmfulness.

17.A)Theyneedcareandaffection.

B)Theyarefondofround-the-worldtrips.

C)Theyaremostlyfrombrokenfamilies.

D)Theyarelikelytocommitcrimes.

PassageThree

Questions18to20arebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard.

18.A)Becauseitwastooheavy.

B)Becauseitdidnotbendeasily.

C)Becauseitdidnotshootfar.

D)Becauseitsstringwasshort.

19.A)Itwentoutofuse300yearsago

B)hwasinventedaltertheshorthow.

C)Itwasdiscoveredbeforefireandthewheel.

D)It'sstillinusetoday.

20.A)Theyareaccurateandeasytopull.

B)Theirshootingrangeis40yards.

C)Theyareusuallyusedindoors.

D)Theytook100yearstodevelop.

PartIIReadingComprehension(35minutes)

Directions:Thereare4passagesinthispart.Eachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatements.ForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD).YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenter.

PassageOne

Questions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

Designofallthenewtoolsandimplementsisbasedoncarefulexperimentswithelectronicinstruments.First,ahuman“guineapig”istestedusingaregulartool.Measurementsaretakenoftheamountofworkdone,andthebuildupofheatinthebody.Twistedjointsandstretchedmusclescannotperformaswell,ithasbeenfound,asjointsandmusclesintheirnormalpositions.Thesamepersonisthentestedagain,usingatooldesignedaccordingtothesuggestionsmadebyDr.Tichauer.Allthesetestshaveshownthegreatimprovementofthenewdesignsovertheold.

OneoftheelectronicinstrumentsusedbyDr.Tichauer,themyograph(肌动记器),makesvisiblethroughelectricalsignalstheworkdonebyhumanmuscle.

Anothermachinemeasuresanydangerousfeaturesoftools,thusprovinginformationuponwhichtobaseanewdesign.Oneconclusionoftestsmadewiththismachineisthatatripodstepladderismorestableandsafertousethanonewithfourlegs.

Thisworkhasattractedtheattentionofefficiencyexpertsandtime-and-motion-studyengineer,butitsvaluegoesfarbeyondthat.Dr.Tichauer’sfirstthoughtisforthehealthofthetooluser.Withtherepeateduseofthesametoolalldaylongonproductionlinesandinotherjobs,evenlightmanualworkcanputaheavystressononesmallareaofthebody.Intime,suchstresscancauseadisablingdisease.Furthermore,musclefatigueisaserioussafetyhazard.

Efficiencyistheby-productofcomfort,Dr.Tichauerbelieves,andhisnewdesignsfortraditionaltoolshaveprovedhispoint.

21.Whatareinvolvedinthedesignofanewtoolaccordingtothepassage?

A)Electronicinstrumentsandaregulartool.

B)Ahuman“guineapig”andaregulartool.

C)Electronicinstrumentsandahuman“guineapig”.

D)Electronicinstruments,ahuman“guineapig”andaregulartool.

22.Fromthepassageweknowthatjointsandmusclesperformbestwhen__________________.

A)theyaretwistedandstretched

B)theyareintheirnormalpositions

C)theyaretestedwithahuman“guineapig”

D)theyaretestedwithelectronicinstruments

23.A“myograph”(Para.2,Line1)isanelectronicinstrumentthat________________.

A)isabletodesignnewtools

B)measurestheamountofenergyused

C)enablepeopletoseethemuscularmovements

D)visualizeselectricalsignals

24.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat________________.

A)astepladderusedtohavefourlegs.

B)itisdangeroustousetools

C)atripodissaferinatooldesign

D)workersaresaferonproductionlines

25.Dr.Tichauerstartedhisexperimentsinitiallyto_________________.

A)improveefficiency

B)increaseproduction

C)reduceworkload

D)improvecomfort

Questions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Moreandmore,theoperationsofourbusinesses,governments,andfinancialinstitutionsarecontrolledbyinformationthatexistsonlyinsidecomputermemories.Anyonecleverenoughtomodifythisinformationforhisownpurposescanreapbigreward.Evenworse,anumberofpeoplewhohavedonethisandbeencaughtatithavemanagedtogetawaywithoutpunishment.

It’seasyforcomputercrimestogoundetectedifnoonechecksuponwhatthecomputerisdoing.Butevenifthecrimeisdetected,thecriminalmaywalkawaynotonlyunpunishedbutwithaglowingrecommendationfromhisformeremployers.

Ofcourse,wehavenostatisticsoncrimesthatgoundetected.Butit’sdisturbingtonotehowmanyofthecrimeswedoknowaboutweredetectedbyaccident,notbysystematicinspectionsorothersecurityprocedures.Thecomputercriminalswhohavebeencaughtmayhavebeenthevictimsofuncommonlybadluck.

Unlikeotherlawbreakers,whomustleavethecountry,commitsuicide,orgotojail,computercriminalssometimesescapepunishment,demandingnotonlythattheynotbechargedbutthattheybegivengoodrecommendationsandperhapsotherbenefits.Alltoooften,theirdemandshavebeenmet.

Why?Becausecompanyexecutivesareafraidofthebadpublicitythatwouldresultifthepublicfoundoutthattheircomputerhadbeenmisused.Theyhesitateatthethoughtofacriminalboastinginopencourtofhowhejuggled(诈骗)themostconfidential(保密)recordsrightunderthenosesofthecompany’sexecutives,accountants,andsecuritystaff.Andsoanothercomputercriminaldepartswithjusttherecommendationsheneedstocontinuehiscrimeselsewhere.

26.Itcanbeconcludedfromthepassagethat_______________.

A)itisstillimpossibletodetectcomputercrimestoday

B)peoplecommitcomputercrimesattherequestoftheircompany

C)computercriminalsescapepunishmentbecausetheycan’tbedetected

D)computercrimesarethemostseriousproblemintheoperationoffinancialinstitutions

27.Itisimpliedinthethirdparagraphthat_________________.

A)mostcomputercriminalswhoarecaughtblametheirbadluck

B)therapidincreaseofcomputercrimesisatroublesomeproblem

C)mostcomputercriminalsaresmartenoughtocoveruptheircrimes

D)manymorecomputercrimesgoundetectedthatarediscovered

28.Whichofthefollowingstatementsismentionedinthepassage?

A)Astrictlawagainstcomputercrimesmustbeenforced

B)Companiesusuallyhesitatetouncovercomputercrimestoprotecttheirreputation

C)Companieswillguardagainstcomputercrimestoprotecttheirreputation

D)Companiesneedtoimposerestrictionsonconfidentialinformation

29.Whatmayhappentocomputercriminalsoncetheyarecaught?

A)Withabadreputationtheycanhardlyfindanotherjob.

B)Theymaywalkawayandeasilyfindanotherjob.

C)Theywillbedeniedaccesstoconfidentialrecords

D)Theymustleavethecountrytogotojail.

30.Thepassageismainlyabout_________________.

A)whycomputercriminalsareoftenabletoescapepunishment

B)whycomputercrimesaredifficulttodetectbysystematicinspections

C)howcomputercriminalsmangetogetgoodrecommendationsfromtheirformeremployers

D)whycomputercrimescan’tbeeliminated

Questions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.

Inafamilywheretherolesofmenandwomenarenotsharplyseparatedandwheremanyhouseholdtasksaresharedtoagreaterorlesserextent,notionsofmalesuperiorityarehardtomaintain.Thepatternofsharingintasksandindecisionmakesforequalityandthisinturnleadstofurthersharing.Insuchahome,thegrowingboyandgirllearntoacceptequalitymoreeasilythandidtheirparentsandtopreparemorefullyforparticipationinaworldcharacterizedbycooperationratherthanbythe“battleofthesexes”.

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